Sword parts - Japanese sword parts. Mounting of the Japanese samurai or ninja sword. Ninja sword glossary.
Japanese Sword parts
Fuchi: a hilt collar between the tsuka and the tsuba.
Ha: blade edge.
Habaki: a wedge shaped metal collar used to keep the sword from falling out of the saya and to support the fittings below; fitted at the ha-machi and mune-machi which precede the nakago.
Hamon: visual effect of hardening.
Hi / Bo-hi: groove carved into the side of the blade, it lightens the sword blade and it creates an audible whistle.
Kaeshizuno: a hook shaped fitting used to lock the saya to the obi while drawing.
Kashira: a butt cap (pommel) on the end of the tsuka.
Kissaki: Japanese sword tip.
Kogai: a spike for hair arranging carried sometimes as part of Katana-Koshirae in another pocket.
Koiguchi: the mouth of the saya or its fitting; traditionally made of buffalo horn.
Kojiri: the end of the saya or the protective fitting at the end of the saya; also traditionally made of buffalo horn.
Kozuka: a decorative handle fitting for the kogatana; a small utility knife fit into a pocket on the saya.
Kuri-kata: a knob on the side of the saya for attaching the sageo.
Mekugi: a small peg for securing the tsuka to the nakago.
Menuki: ornaments on the tsuka (generally under the tsuka-ito); to fit into the palm for grip and originally meant to hide the mekugi.
Mekugi-ana: the holes in the tsuka and nakago for the mekugi.
Mune: blade back.
Nagasa: sword blade.
Sageo: the cord used to tie saya to the belt/obi when worn.
Same-hada: the pattern of the ray skin.
Same-kawa: the ray or shark skin wrapping of the tsuka (handle/hilt).
Saya: a wooden scabbard for the blade; traditionally done in lacquered wood.
Seppa: the washers above and below the tsuba to tighten the fittings.
Shitodome: an accent on the kurikata for aesthetic purposes; often done in gold-ish metal in modern reproductions.
Tsuba: the tsuba is a hand guard.
Tsuka: the hilt or handle; made of wood and wrapped in samegawa.
Tsuka-ito: the wrap of the tsuka, traditionally silk but today most often in cotton and sometimes leather.
Wari-bashi: the metal chop-sticks fit in a pocket on the saya.
Sword parts graphics